Micah was from Moresheth in southern Judah. He prophesied during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah.
Judgement to come for Samaria and Jerusalem
Judgement against Samaria and Jerusalem will come. Samaria’s will be decisive, with the Assyrian army sweeping through
Israel, stopping at the gates of Jerusalem. There will be weeping and wailing and parents will mourn for their exiled
Corruption and false prophets
The guilty are charged with covetousness, oppression and injustice against the poor, and God is devising disaster against
them, a disaster from which there will be no escape. He will bring down their pride and cause them to lament over the loss
of their land.
False prophets speak against Micah and prophesy better things, things people want to hear.
Deliverance is promised for the remnant of Israel.
Leaders and prophets rebuked
Leaders are rebuked for their oppression of the people; when they cry out to the Lord they will not be heard. Prophets are
rebuked for false prophesying and will no longer have visions, suffering shame as a consequence. Leaders, priests and
prophets all mistakenly believe God’s presence will protect them, no matter what.
The coming kingdom
In the last days, all nations will look to Jerusalem, will know God’s ways and there will be universal peace. But first there
will be an exile before a remnant can finally return.
The King out of Bethlehem
Here we have the prophecy quoted in Matthew 2:6 when Herod hears of the coming Magi: But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah,
though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in
Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.
Current and future events merge in a prophecy of deliverance for God’s people, and vengeance on their enemies.
What God requires of His people
Israel are again reproved for their sinful acts and attitudes, and are told that to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk
humbly with thy God is all that God requires of them. But they continue to fail Him and their guilt will inevitably lead to
Misery turns to triumph
Micah laments over the terrible sinful state of the times in which he lives, while all the time trusting in God who will cause
Israel to rise again. Sins will be pardoned and transgressions forgiven when, in His mercy, God will prove faithful to His
oath to Abraham and Jacob.